Ra, King of the Sun
This time, we're talking about Ra, the Egyptian sun-god of Heliopolis. In Egyptian mythology, Ra was the sun. Depending on who talked about him, the sun was either the entire body of Ra, or even more terrifying as an image, the sun was just Ra's eye. He was also associated with the Phoenix, coming from the whole 'reborn in flames' aspect of sunrise.
Around 2400 BC was when he was elevated to the status of a national deity, and was associated with the mid-day sun. He was later combined with the biggest deity of the Egyptian pantheon, Amun, to become Amun-Ra. Thanks to the Greeks and Romans, Amon-Ra was later identified with Zeus or Jupiter.
Even later, he was also merged with Horus, another one of the oldest and most significant of Egyptian deities. It was believed that all forms of life were created by Ra, who made them exist by speaking a secret name. Another creation myth was that humans came into existence from Ra's sweat and tears. It was believed that when humans went against Ra,
Atlas and Calypso
This time, we're talking about a pair of figures in Greek mythology. These two are a good display of how sadistic some of the Greek pantheon could be to those who pissed them off.
We're talking about Atlas and Calypso.
I'm sure there are quite a few people who have used an atlas, without knowing why it's called that. But I was curious, so I looked it up, and found out about the Titan for whom they're named. Atlas was one of the second-generation Titans in the Greek pantheon.
In one instance, it was believed that Atlas led a rebellion against Zeus. When the Titans lost, Zeus condemned him to bear the weight of the heavens upon his shoulder. He also taught humans the art of astronomy, which was a tool used by sailors for navigation and farmers for measuring the seasons. When these two things were combined, Atlas became the god who spun the heavens on their axis, which moved the stars.
The demigod Herakles (adapted later as Hercules) met Atlas when looking for the Golden Apples of Hesperi
Hanwi Full Moon blessing
Under the moon, full and bright,
I charge this cross, with Hanwi's might
She who gained from shameful plight,
Give aid of blessings, under this sky all done rites
Morpheus, God of Dreams
Hello, all. This time I'm talking about more mythology. And the topic here is Morpheus. No, not the Morpheus I'm sure most people reading this will think of, from the Matrix movies. At least, not technically.
See, in Greek mythology, Morpheus is the god of dreams. Which is why, technically, you could argue that the Matrix character was derived from the god, since in the film, he's said to wake Neo up from his 'sleep'. But we're not here to talk about The Matrix, at least not in this video, so let's get to the mythology.
In Greek mythology, Morpheus was the son of Nyx and Erebus, who I've covered previously. He is the oldest of the Oneiroi (which means "dreams") triplets, sons of said consorting primordial deities, at least according to Hesiod and Cicero. The poet Ovid suggested that he, and his brothers, were actually children of Hypnos, the god of sleep, and to merely be descendants of Nyx and Erebus.
Morpheus was the leader of the gods and spirits of dreams, and manifested himself in
Tarot is a magickal tool used in divination, in the form of a deck of 78 cards, broken up into the Lower Arcana, made up of 56 cards and designed just like a regular playing card deck, and the Major Arcana, the 22 cards that often represent the journey of life. And it's an incredibly versatile tool, at that. Even people who argue the existence of psychic abilities can't touch the Tarot, because you don't have to even know about magick to use them. You can use them without having any connection to the psychic world, though it's believed that intuition is in itself psychic, so there's that.
The actual Tarot started out, most likely, as a series of card games known collectively as Triomfi in most places. The earliest mention of it was somewhere between 1332 and 1450 AD, in Italy. The actual mentioning was found in a letter from a duke to his treasurer, asking him to find a Tarot deck, and a normal deck of playing cards if a Tarot deck couldn't be found. In the 15th century, the Tarot was
It never ceases to amaze me that, even in the year 2011, people are still tragically uninformed about many of the nontraditional religions, by which I mean Paganism even though Paganism has some of the most traditional religions there are. It's even sadder, because there are plenty of resources that the people holding these beliefs have at their disposal, and choose not to use. While this is no longer true for as many people as it once was, bigotry still pervades today, and beliefs that all Wiccans are witches, and all witches are devil worshippers is surprisingly prominent even into today. So that's what I'm going to talk about here.
Okay, so let's start with the basics of the topic. Wicca is an earth-based Goddess Neopagan religion that developed in the early half of the 20th century and was popularized by Gerald Brousseau Gardner in the 1950s and 60s. Being a witch means you practice witchcraft, the ancient, timeless skill of manipulating the world around
Nyx and Erebus
Hello, all, it's ET, talking about the ultimate creatures of the night.
I'm talking about Nyx and Erebus. Who are they?
Nyx and Erebus are primordial gods from the Greek pantheon, and they reproduced like bunnies. In mythology, they had at least nineteen different children, deities of everything from Aether, the first-born elemental god of atmosphere, to Eris the goddess of strife, the Fates, and several others.
Individually, they weren't both gods of the night. Only Nyx was the goddess of the night, a shadowy being that was around either at or near the beginning of creation. She was the mother of personified gods like Hypnos, the god of sleep, and Thanatos, the god of death. She wasn't often depicted in mythology, but when she was, she was said to be a woman of incredible beauty and power, depicted variably as a winged goddess, sometimes wearing a dark garment and accompanied by the stars as she rode around on a chariot. I'd think she'd make an impression on people. According to Homer